28/11/2020

Bible Versions

A Comparison of English Bible Versions

 

King James Version (KJV)

Reading Grade Level : 12.0

Translation Method : Literal – Word for Word

Year Completed : 1611

Team of Translators : 54

Textual Basis : Bishops Bible (1568) and Tyndale’s Bible ( 1535).

OT : Masoretic Texts

NT : Textus Receptus

Purpose: In response to concerns of inaccuracies in earlier English versions

Special Remarks : The most widely printed and distributed English version. Used by those who prefer older English

 

New King James Version (NKJV)

Reading Grade Level : 9.0

Translation Method : Literal – Word for Word

Year Completed : 1982

Team of Translators : 119

Textual Basis : KJV

OT : Masoretic Text

NT : Textus Receptus

Footnotes: Nestle-Aland  text

 

American Standard Version (ASV)

Reading Grade  Level : Unstated

Translation Method : Literal – Word for Word

Year Completed : 1901

Team of Translators : 30

Textual Basis : ERV ( Englsih Revised Version ) and KJV

OT : Hebrew Masoretic Text, and Septuagint

NT : Westcott-Hort Greek NT

 

Revised Standard Version (RSV)

Reading Grade Level : 10.0

Translation Method : Literal – Word for Word

Year Completed : 1952

Team of Translators :

Text Basis : ASV

OT : Masoretic Text and Septuagint

NT : Nestle-Aland Text

 

New American Bible (NAB)

Reading Grade Level : 6.6

Translation Method : Literal – Word for Word

Year Completed : 1970, updated in 2000

Team of Translators : 55

Textual Basis :

OT : Masoretic Text, Septuagint, Vulgate, Dead Sea Scrolls, Hebrew Text behind the Liber Psalmorum

NT : Nestle-Aland Novum Testamentum Graece ( 26th Edition) and United Bible Societies’ Greek New Testament ( 3rd Edition).

Special Remarks : The official translation used in the US Catholic Church Mass. Includes the Apocrypha.

 

New American Standard Bible (NASB)

Reading Grade Level : 11.0

Translation Method : Literal – Word for Word.

Year Completed : 1971, revised in 1995

Team of Translators : 54

Textual Basis :

OT : Rudolf Kittel’s Biblia Hebraica ( 3rd Edition) Dead Sea Scrolls

NT : Nestle-Allan Novum Testamentum Graece ( 26th Edition)

 

New Revised Standard Version  ( NRSV)

Reading Grade Level : 8.0

Translation Method : Literal – Word for Word

Year Completed : 1989

Team of Translators : 30

Textual Basis : RSV

OT : Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia (1st Edition), Dead Sea Scrolls, Septuagint, Vulgate, Syriac Peshitta, Aramaic Targums

NT : United Bible Societies’ Greek New Testament ( 3rd Edition)

 

English Standard Version (ESV)

Reading Grade Level : 8.0

Translation Method : Literal – Word for Word

Year Completed : 2001

Team of translators : 100 +

Textual Basis : RSV

OT : Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia ( 2nd Editiona), Dead Sea Scrolls, Septuagint, Samaritan Pentateuch, Syriac Peshitta, Vulgate

NT : United Bible Societies’ Greek New Testament ( 4th Edition) and Nestle-Aland Novum Testamentum Graece ( 27th Edition).

 

 

New International Version (NIV)

Reading Grade Level : 7.0

Translation Method : Balance between Word for Word and Thought for Thought

Year Completed : 1978

Team of Translators : 115

Textual Basis :

OT : Biblia Hebraica, Dead Sea Scrolls, Septuagint, Aquila, Symmachus and Theodotians, Vulgate and other ancient manuscripts

NT : Eclectic test

 

Good News Translation (GNT) or Today’s English Version (TEV)

Reading Grade Level : 6.0

Translation Method : Thought for Thought

Year Completed : 1976

Team of Translators : R. Bratcher (NT) plus 6 others ( OT)

Textual Basis :

OT : Biblia Hebraica

NT : United Bible Societies Greek New Testament

 

Contemporary English Version (CEV)

Reading Grade Level : 5.4

Translation Method : Thought for Thought

Year Completed : 1995

Team of Translators : 100 +

Textual Basis :

OT : Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia ( 4th Edition), Septuagint

NT : United Bible Societies’ Greek New Testament ( 3rd Edition)

 

New Living Translation (NLT)

Reading Grade Level : 6.3

Translation Method : Thought for Thought

Year Completed 1996 revised in 2004

Team of translators : 90

Textual Basis : The Living Bible(1971)

OT : Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia (1977 Ed), Dead Sea Scrolls, Septuagint, Vulgate, Syriac Peshitta, Samaritan Pentateuch

NT : United Bible Societies’ Greek New Testament ( 1977 Ed) and Nestle-Aland (27th Ed)

 

Today’s New International Version ( TNIV)

Reading Grade Level : Unstated

Translation Method : Balance between Word for Word and Thought for Thought

Year Completed : 2005

Team of translators : 115

Textual Basis : NIV

OT : Biblia Hebraica, Dead Sea Scrolls, Septuagint, Aquila, Symmachus and Theodotian, Vulgate and other ancient manuscripts

NT : Nestle-Aland (27th Ed) and United Bible Societies’ Greek New Testament ( 4th Ed).

 

The Message Bible

Reading Grade Level : 6.0

Translation Method : Paraphrase

Year Completed : 2002

Team of Translators : Eugene Peterson

Textual Basis :

OT : Biblia Hebraica

NT : Greek New Testament

 

Amplified Bible (AMP)

Reading Grade Level : 11.0

Translation Method : Word for Word plus amplification of meaning

Year Completed : 1965

Team of Translators : Frances E. Siewet and 12 others

Textual Basis : ASV

OT : Rudolf Kittel’s Biblia Hebraica, Dead Sea Scrolls, Septuagint

NT : Westcott-Hort Greek New Testament, Nestle-Aland Novum Testamentum Graece ( 26th Ed)

 

New Jerusalem Bible (NJB)


Reading Grade Level : 9.0

Translation Method : Literal – Word for Word

Year Completed : 1966, updated in 1985

Team of Translators : 35

Textual Basis : 1961 French translation La Bible de Jerusalem

OT : Masoretic Test, Septuagint

NT : Ecletic Greek Texts